Causes of Erectile Dysfunction & Cures for ED

The inability to obtain or maintain a hard adequate erection for intercourse is known as erectile dysfunction (ED) and they are not uncommon among men, 1 out of 10 men face erectile dysfunction on a long term basis. Anxiety,  relationship issues and low self-esteem are all potential side effects. Erectile dysfunction could also be a sign of underlying health problems which need to be addressed by a doctor.

ED can be brought on by problems at any moment throughout the erection process. An erection is caused by increased blood flow into your penis. Blood flow is known to be increased by sexual thoughts or actual contact with your penis. When a person’s penis is sexually stimulated, a muscle within the penis’ blood vessels relaxes. The blood flow via the penile arteries, which fill two chambers inside the penis, is increased as a result. When the chambers fill with blood, the penis stiffens. The erection is over when the blood vessel muscles flex and the gathered blood can flow out through the penile veins. When blood flow in the penis is restricted or nerves are damaged, this becomes one of the most common symptoms in ED. 


Vascular illness can cause blood flow to the penis to be restricted or constricted. Types of cognitive states include stress, a loss of brain stimulation, depression and performance anxiety. The onset of ED symptoms could be influenced by an injury or trauma. Strokes, diabetes, and other conditions such as multiple sclerosis can damage the nerves that provide impulses to the penis.

The most evident sign of erectile dysfunction is a man’s inability to get an erection. Men with ED frequently experience a decrease in sexual desire. Lower levels of arousal can be caused by an imbalance of hormones in the body, such as testosterone. Other early-stage symptoms of Erectile Dysfunction include loss of sensitivity in the penis, trouble achieving an erection, trouble holding an erection, and reduced sexual desire. 

One or two, or all of These symptoms seems to be occurring for you and you are confused about when to see your doctor? When You’re having troubles with your erections, or you’re having other sexual issues like premature or delayed ejaculation.

If you have diabetes, heart disease, or another health problem that could be linked to erectile dysfunction, go consult a family doctor or a specialised doctor to treat Erectile Dysfunction. 

ED can be treated in many ways taking Medications taken orally, Sex therapy is a type of sexual treatment, Injections into the sperm, Vacuum devices, Medication that is injected into the urethra, and Surgical procedures.

For many patients, a doctor can diagnose erectile dysfunction and propose treatment based on a physical exam and answers to questionnaires in medical history. If you have a chronic health problem or your doctor feels an underlying issue is at play, you may require additional tests or a specialist visit. 

Physical causes

The bulk of ED visits is for secondary reasons. This means that your erectile function was once normal but has now diminished. A person with main ED is quite uncommon. a man is said to have erectile dysfunction when he has never gotten an erection.  A psychological or physical condition could be the cause of primary ED. If a person’s erection troubles persist, he should see a doctor because the issue could be due to a medical condition. A proper diagnosis can help with the treatment of any basic medical issues as well as the resolution of sexual issues. 

Some of the most common physical reasons for Erectile dysfunction

  1. Heart disease and blood vessel narrowing
  2. Diabetes
  3. Obesity
  4. Blood pressure that is too high
  5. Elevated cholesterol levels
  6. Parkinson’s disease
  7. Complication of surgery

Emotional causes 

Normal sex necessitates the cooperation of the mind and body. Emotional or relational issues might contribute to or exacerbate ED.

Erectile dysfunction can result from several emotional issues, including: 

  1. Depression
  2. Anxiety
  3. Conflicts in relationships
  4. Workplace or home stress
  5. Stress about sex 

Psychological causes 

Starting with sensations of sexual excitement, the brain plays a major role in triggering the cascade of physical processes that lead to an erection. A range of variables that interact with sexual experiences might cause erectile dysfunction. Few of the psychological causes that cause erectile dysfunctions include 

  1. Relationship issues 
  2. Anxiety
  3. Depression
  4. Stress

Cures for Erectile Dysfunction (ED)

There are several cures for treating erectile dysfunction some of them include:


The most common group of drugs that are used to treat erectile dysfunction is PDE-5 (phosphodiesterase-5) inhibitors.

The following oral medications can help cure ED by increasing blood flow to the penis:

  • Tadalafil 
  • Avanafil 
  • Alprostadil
  • Vardenafil 
  • Sildenafil 

PDE-5 inhibitors can only be obtained with a prescription. Before prescribing them, a doctor will examine for heart issues and inquire about any other medications the patient is taking.

Side effects are possible with ED medications. Consult your doctor if you’re experiencing any unpleasant side effects. 

Vacuum pumps

A vacuum erection device is a mechanical approach to getting an erection for guys who don’t want to utilise drugs or find that they don’t work.

The production of a vacuum is used to generate an erection in this procedure. The device causes an erection by drawing blood into the penis.

The tube is placed over the penis, and also the air inside is pulled out with the help of the pump. A vacuum is produced, causing blood to flow into the penis. 

You slide a tension ring around the base of your penis once you’ve achieved an erection to keep the blood in and keep it tight. The vacuum device is then removed.

The erection usually lasts long enough to be used for sex between two people. After intercourse, the tension ring can be removed. Ejaculation will be hindered by the band, and bruising of the penis is a probable side effect. Your penis may be frigid to the touch.

Mechanical flaws, such as faulty seals, can potentially compromise the effectiveness of vacuum devices.

Penile implant 

Devices are surgically implanted into both sides of a penis in this procedure. Malleable or inflatable rods are used in these implants.

Penile implants are rarely indicated before other options have been exhausted. Complications, such as infection, are a possibility with any surgery. If you have a urinary tract infection, penile implant surgery is not suggested.

Vascular surgery may be used to treat Erectile Dysfunction in very rare circumstances.

Psychological assistance

If stress, anxiety, or depression are causing erectile dysfunction, or if the condition is causing stress and relationship conflict, your doctor may recommend that you, or you and your spouse, see a psychologist or counsellor.

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